Gunung Rinjani, Indonesia

Gunung Rinjnai and Kuta Beach Details

Date: August 2004


Gunung Rinjani is an active volcano located on the northern part of Lombok Island, Indonesia. Its beautiful crater lake and hot spring within attracts many visitors annually. Standing from the crater rim, one can enjoy a stunning panoramic view of the surrounding especially during sunset. Gunung Rinjani is also one of the many volcanoes situated along the Pacific Ring Of Fire. The most recent eruption is in 1994. A new mountain named, Gunung Baru (2,363m), is formed within the crater of Gunung Rinjani as a result of that eruption. At a height of 3726m, Gunung Rinjani is the third highest mountain in Indonesia.

Summit of Gunung Rinjani

Summit of Gunung Rinjani seen from the crater rim (08 August 2004).

A trek to the crater rim from Senaru followed by a visit to the crater lake Segara Anak with its hot-spring provides a leisurely get away. However, a trek to the summit of Gunung Rinjani can be very challenging with its scree slopes. This national park area is generally well maintained so much so that the Rinjani Trek Management Board was given the 2004 Destination Stewardship Award of The World Legacy Awards presented by CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL (CI) and NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC TRAVELER magazine (TRAVELER) for its contributions to the overall natural and cultural heritage of Gunung Rinjani (


Hotspring inside the crater (09 August 2004).

There are several routes to reach the summit of Gunung Rinjani. Of which the two most convenient and popular route is via Sembalun Lawang and Senaru. It is more interesting and probably easier to ascend from the eastern route of Sembalun Lawang and descend via the northern route of Senaru. This route would take you through the grassland at Sembalun Lawang and passing through tropical forest at Senaru towards the end. A camp in Segara Anak would allow one to enjoy a dip in the hot spring to loosen the tired muscles after the trip to the summit.

For a successful and enjoyable trip to Gunung Rinjani, the dedication and reliability of the guide and porters are very important. Generally, guides and porters provided by the Rinjani Trek Center are trained and certified. While the guide may wear an old pair of shoes for the trek, the porters depend on their pair of flip-flops to overcome the difficult terrain. It is amazing to see how they balance their loads tied to the ends of a thick bamboo pole on their shoulder as they climb over steep slopes.

Route Description (Sembalun Lawang – Summit – Segara Anak – Senaru)

Day 1: Sembalun Lawang (1156m) to Plawangan 2 Sembalun Crater Rim (2639m)

From Sembalun Lawang, Gunung Rinjani can be seen clearly. Tropical grasslands cover lower reaches of this side of Gunung Rinjani. There are very few shades and it is quite hot and humid to walk in. Although the path is initially wide, it soon reduced to narrow trails cutting through thick, tall grasses. A 2hrs trek would bring you to Pos I Pemantauan (Field), 1300m. A further 2hrs of trekking and you would reach Pos 2 Tengengean, 1500m. Lunch is usually at Pos 3 Pada Balong, 1800m which is an hour of trek from Pos 2. The ascent to Pos 3 is quite gentle. However, after Pos 3, the ascent becomes steep and very tiring. From here, you would come across Cemara, a pine tree. An interesting fact of Cemara is that water vapors that are carried by the clouds would condense on the pine needle as they flew past resulting in water droplets dropping to the ground. After 2hrs of steep ascent through the pine forest would bring you to the crater rim.

The view from the crater rim is fantastic with the clouds below and the summit clearly on the left side. 20mins of walk along the crater rim and you would reach the campsite at Plawangan 2 Sembalun crater rim (2639m). You can hear the wind howling as it sweep through the trees that cover the side of the volcano and on parts of the crater rim. If the campsite is overcrowded, your guide may bring you to camp on other locations along the crater rim where there are trees providing shelter from the strong wind. Although there is a toilet at the campsite, you may not want to use it. Temperature at night may drop to as low as 5oC. The sunset viewed from the crater rim is stunning.

Day 2: Plawangan 2 Sembalun Crater Rim (2639m) to Summit (3726m) to Segara Anak (2000m)

The setoff time for the summit is usually at 3am so as to catch the sunrise from the summit. It usually takes about 3hrs to reach the summit for sure-footed trekkers. It is windy at night and a good windbreaker is essential. The initial path is very dusty and the loose sand and dust makes it difficult to keep a firm footing on the ground without slipping. The ascent at this part is also quite steep may takes an hour before reaching easier ground. However, soon, the trek becomes harder as loose scree takes over. About an hour before reaching the summit, the steep scree slope makes the ascent very difficult and tiring as the loose stones give way with each step. A pair of trekking poles would come in handy here. It is also advisable for each person to carry more than 2L of water for the summit attempt.

As the sun rises, you may be able to see the shadow of Gunung Rinjani summit formed on the sea of clouds. The ultraviolet rays at this relatively high altitude is very strong, thus it is advisable to put on sun block to avoid sunburns. If catching the sunrise is not that important, it may be advisable to set off at a later time to avoid the crowd and human jam along the scree slope to the summit. Moreover, the tip of the summit is very small and can only hold a few persons at a time. From the summit, you would be able to have a view of the crater lake and Gunung Baru. You may also see Gunung Agong of Bali Island on a clear day. Vegetation here consists of sparse tufts of Edelweiss.

Although the descent is easier on the scree slope, care must be taken so as not to strain your knee as people have the tendency to “ski” down the slope with the stones giving way under their feet. A well-constructed and solid pair of boots is recommended so as to protect your feet against the loose stones especially on the way down.

You would have to return to the campsite before proceeding to Segara Anak crater lake. The trek from the campsite to the crater lake takes about 3hrs. It involves a steep descend for about 2.5hrs down a rocky path. After which it is a relatively gentle undulating path to the crater lake. At the crater lake, there are a few campsites which you can choose from along the circumference. You would also have a closer view of Gunung Baru, the active volcano. The water in the lake is relatively clean and the locals could get quite decent size fish from the lake. There is also a hot-water stream just outside the crater lake although still within the crater itself. The high sulphur content of the stream water stains the rocks yellow. This is a great place to have a warm dip to relax the aching muscles.

Day 3: Segara Anak (2000m) to Plawangan 1 Senaru Crater Rim (2461m) to Pos 3 Mondokon Lolak

From the crater lake back to the crater rim at Plawangan 1 Senaru, the ascent is not as steep as at Sembalun Crater Rim. Going up this way, you can see the lake and Gunung Baru behind you. The initial part of the trail is through pine forest. The journey to Plawangan 1 Senaru from Segara Anak takes about 2hrs. While the vegetation close to the Sembalun crater rim is covered with pine trees, Semaru crater rim is exposed to the wind with dry grasses covering the landscape. Occasionally, one would come across fresh green grasses growing over the burnt grasses.

It is a better idea to descend for about 2hrs to the forest below at Mondokon Lolak campsite for the night. Along the way to the campsite, you would see a transformation of the vegetation from grassland, to pine forest and to mossy forest before entering the tropical equatorial forest. Such is the diversity of vegetation you would encounter along the relatively gentler descent.

Day 4: Pos 3 Mondokon Lolak to Senaru village (601m)

The descent through the tropical equatorial forest is quite hot and relatively humid. It takes about 5 hours to reach Senaru village. The trek ends at Rinjani Trek Centre at the road head in Senaru. Here, you may tip your porters and guides. You may also buy Gunung Rinjani souvenirs and certificate which your guide would endorse. The nearest accommodation from here is 1km away.

For more information, visit Lombok Sumbawa Tourism Promotion Board website

Best month to go to Gunung Rinjani,

July, October or November.

Less windy. A bit of rain so that the ground is less dusty

Equipments used
  1. Sunblock (SPF 40)
  2. Lip Screen (at least SPF 15)
  3. Wet wipes
  4. Toilet paper
  5. Headlamp/torch (extra set of batteries)
  6. Water container (at least 1.5L, preferably insulated)
  7. Fleece/ski Gloves
  8. Camera
  9. Windbreaker/parkas (double up as raincoat if waterproof)
  10. Poncho/raincoat/umbrella
  11. Trekking pole (one pair preferably)
  12. Toiletries (Tooth paste/ Toothbrush etc.)
  13. Shower stuff (soap, shampoo etc.)
  14. Towel
  15. Fleece
  16. Thicker track pants for the night
  17. Thermal underwear
  18. Fleece hat
  19. Cap/hat
  20. Sunglasses (don’t bring fake one!)
  21. Swimming gear (for R&R)
  22. Medicated Powder
  23. Sleeping bag liner if have
  24. Scarf
  25. Trail food
  26. Swiss Knife
  27. Whistle
  28. Sandals
  29. Purification Tablets
  30. Insect repellent
  31. Woolen socks
  32. Passport
  33. Saline lotion for those wearing contact lens
  34. 1 photocopied passport (to be kept by friend in case passport got lost)
  35. First Aid Kit , include eye drops, cough tablets, anti-diarrhea pills, panadol
  36. Repair kit
Rinjani Costs and Contacts
Flight (To Mataram, Lombok)
Silk Air (2 ways) : S$345
Singapore Airport Tax : S$21
Singapore Airport Misc Charge : S$36
Indonesia Airport Tax : Rp75,000

Local time in Lombok is the same as Singapore time

Cost of Mineral Water: Rp2000 to Rp3000

Cost of food: Rp5000 to Rp15,000

(It is common to wait for as long as an hour for the food to be served)

Cost of Sarong: Rp15,000 to Rp20,000

Generally, the exchange rate is better in Singapore.

Approximately 1 Sing dollar = Rp5000

Rinjani Trek



Manager: Asmuni Irfan


Tel: 62 (0) 86812 104132

(New Zealand’s International Aid and Development Agency – Gunung Rinjani National Park): Rinjani Trek Ecotourism Programme

C/o Jl. Panca Usaha No. 11 Mataram 83231

Tel/Fax: 62 370 641124, 632305 ext. 1407



Transport cost from Mataram Airport to Sembalun Lawang: Rp200,000 per way per vehicle.

Duration of travel from Mataram Airport to Sembalun Lawang: 2.5hrs

4 Days 3 Nights Trek (Sembalun Lawang – Summit – Segara Anak – Senau)

Price for less than 4 person: Rp928,200 per person

Price for 4 person: Rp742,560 per person


Insurance cost, Rp2000

Entrance fee for Taman Nasional Gunung Rinjani (Rinjani National Park), Rp15,000

Rinjani Information Centre and Sembalun Lawang Village Fee, Rp9,500

1 Guide

Porters to carry stores provided by the agency

Food and mineral water on the trek

Tents (Twin sharing)


Sleeping bag


The amount of tips for the guide and porters are really up to individuals. Without much prior references, tips range from Rp62,500 per trekker to USD50 per trekker.

Cost of Certificate: Rp30,000

Sembalun Lawang

Accommodation at Sembalun Lawang (1156m)

Homestead & Restaurant,

Lembah Rinjani

Sembalun Lawang – LOTIM – NTB

Cost of twin sharing room with attached bathroom: Rp75,000


No fan or air-con

Temperature at night is 15ºC

Cost of main dish: about Rp10,000


Singang gila waterfalls (3 waterfalls)

Entrance: Just outside Pondok Senaru

Entrance fee: Rp2000 per person

Time taken to reach first waterfall: 15mins

Time taken to reach second waterfall: 30mins

Food and Accommodation

All if not most of the restaurant and accommodations are located along both sides of the single main tarred road.

Pondok Senaru

Jl. Langko 92 B Mataram

Tel/Fax: (0370) 622868

Remark: 1km (abt. 20mins walk) from Senaru Rinjani Information Center

Cost: Rp75,000 per room (Twin Sharing with attached bathroom)


No fan or air-con

May need to ask management to switch on pump to use the tap.

Price of food (main course): more than Rp12,000 + 10% tax

Emy’s Café SENARU

Room: Rp30,000

10mins walk from Pondok Senaru

Pondok Gww Bakti

Room: Rp30,000

10mins walk from Pondok Senaru

Price of food (main course): as low as Rp5000

Mineral water: Rp2000

Kuta Beach

This is a less commercialized beach compared to the more popular Sengigi Beach. Thus the facilities here are mostly restricted to accommodation and restaurants. This is also the central area for the nearby beaches such as Mawu beach and Mawi beach. Motorbike rental with attached stand for surfboard is available and they are quite cheap. You may also rent vehicles to bring you around. Just ask any restaurant owners or your hotel receptionist and they would be able to direct you to the rental service.

Kuta beach itself is not very nice for swimming due to the broken corals that are washed up onto the shore. However, the water here is clear and shallow with the bigger waves hundreds of meters further out into the sea. For nice beach for swimming, take a motor transport to Mawu beach. It is an excellent lagoon with soft sand and clear waters.

For Surfers, drive down to Mawi beach. Here, the waves are large and superb for surfing. However, there are corals on the shallow beaches and may inflict serious cuts for the inexperience surfers.

Although all the beaches are quite unpolluted, there are many street peddlers and child beggers which you can never escape from even at the secluded Mawu beach. At any one time, you may be surrounded by 5 of them trying to sell you sarongs and bracelets. At Mawi beach, locals set up roadblocks demanding payment before you can enter. Parking at both Mawi and Mawu beach would also cost you a few thousand rupiahs. Whether these are legal or not is suspected.

Kuta Beach Costs and Contacts
Segare Anak Bungalow & Restaurant

Jl. Pantai Kuta Lombok – NTB

Phone: 62 370 654846

Fax: 62 370 654834


Inclusive of Breakfast

Cost of Twin sharing Room with attached bathroom: Rp35,000 per room + 10% tax


No fan or air-con.

Lights are quite dim in the room.

Seger Café (Highly recommended)

Contact: L. Akhmad Yani (Can speak English)

Jl. Pariwisata Kuta, Pujut – Lombok Tengah

NTB – Indonesia

Tel: 0370 655528

10mins walk from Segare Anak Bungalow & Restaurant

Cost of ala carte meal, 5 dishes, about Rp20,000 per person


The boss is very friendly and can ask the boss to arrange for car tour or motorbike rental.

For seafood dishes for dinner, have to inform the boss in the morning so that he can buy fresh from local market.

This is perhaps the most value for money food.

Visit to nearby beach in private van with driver (full day)

Cost: Rp150,000 to Rp250,000

Motorbike rental with attached stand for surf boards,

Cost of full day rental: Rp35,000

Mawu beach
About 15mins drive from Kuta Beach

Only have a shelter and no other facilities.

Sheltered lagoon and soft sand, good for swimming

Parking fee for self-drive (believed to be setup by villagers): Rp5,000 for motorbike and Rp10,000 for car

Mawi beach
About 30mins drive from Kuta Beach

No facilities.

Excellent waves for surfers.

However, there are many hard corals on the shallow seabed which may inflict serious cuts especially for inexperience surfers who fall off the surf board.

Villagers setup roadblock, demanding Rp2,000 per person to enter.

Road after this point is very bumpy, dirt road.

Parking fee for self-drive (believed to be setup by villagers): Rp5,000 for motorbike and Rp10,000 for car

Getting around
Senaru to Mataram (Public transport)

Local transport from Senaru to Anyer Bus Station: Rp3000 per person

Anyer bus station to Mataram: Rp7000 per person

Senaru to Sengigi Beach (Private Vehicle)

Cost: Rp150,000

Duration: 2hrs

Senaru to Kuta beach (Private Vehicle)

Cost: Rp300,000 to Rp350,000

Duration: 4hrs

Kuta Beach to Mataram (Private Vehicle)

Cost: Rp35,000 per person

Duration: 2hrs

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